What is a project manager?
Project managers play a leading role in the planning, execution, monitoring, control and closure of projects. They are responsible for the entire project, the project team and resources, the project budget, and the success or failure of the project.
If you’re looking for a career in IT and wondering if a Project Manager position is right for you, IT Career Roadmap: IT Project Manager may be the best place to start. Also, ask yourself if you have what it takes to be a good project manager.
Responsibilities of the project manager
A project manager, with the help of his team, is responsible for several responsibilities that cover the five project phases of a project lifecycle (start, plan, execute, monitor and close) below.
The project management phases cut across 10 knowledge areas, which include integration, scope, time, cost, quality, human resources, communication, risk sourcing, and stakeholder management.
- Launch phase
- Integration management: Development of a project charter
- Stakeholder management: identification of stakeholders
- Planning phase
- Integration management: Development of a project management plan
- Perimeter management: definition and management of the perimeter, creation of a work breakdown structure (WBS) and collection of requirements
- Time management: plan, define and develop schedules, activities, estimate resources and duration of activities
- Cost management: Planning and estimating costs and determining budgets
- Quality management: Planning and identification of quality requirements
- Human resources management: Planning and identification of human resources needs
- Communications management: Planning communications
- Risk management: plan and identify potential risks, perform qualitative and quantitative risk analysis and plan risk mitigation strategies
- Purchasing management: planning and identifying required purchases
- Stakeholder management: Planning stakeholder expectations
- Integration Management: Lead and manage all project work
- Quality management: perform all aspects of quality management
- Human resources management: Selection, development and management of the project team
- Communication management: Manage all aspects of communication
- Purchasing management: taking steps to secure necessary purchases
- Stakeholder management: manage all stakeholder expectations
- Monitoring and control
- Integration management: Monitoring and control of project work and management of necessary changes
- Scope management: Validation and control of the scope of the project
- Time management: Control the scope of the project
- Cost management: Control project costs
- Quality management: Control the quality of deliverables
- Communications management: control all team and stakeholder communications
- Purchasing management: Purchasing control
- Stakeholder management: monitoring stakeholder commitments
- Integration management: Closure of all phases of the project
- Supply management: closure of all project supplies
Project management skills
Effective project managers need more than technical know-how. The position also requires strategic entrepreneurship, team building and conflict resolution skills, as well as expertise in change management, among other key skills in high demand. At the grassroots level, project managers need to demonstrate leadership, be able to motivate team members, prioritize and solve problems. Adaptability is another key non-technical skill that project managers must possess in order to be successful. Soft skills such as these 11 Communication Skills of Effective Project Managers can also help project managers excel in this highly sought after role.
But to be a highly effective project manager, you must be a strategic business partner fully invested in organizational success, and you must be able to deal with inevitable setbacks. Combined with the necessary technical skills, certain attributes will place you in greater demand as a project manager, providing a solid foundation that will allow you to adapt to the ever-changing dynamics of a project while conveying the needs of your stakeholders. first of all. Highly efficient project managers:
- become a strategic business partner
- encourage and recognize the valuable contributions of others
- respect and motivate stakeholders
- emphasize integrity and accountability
- are fully invested in the success of the project
- are able to “work in gray”
For a more in-depth look at these and other key attributes of project managers, see “10 Traits of Highly Effective Project Managers.”
Project manager diploma
Becoming a certified project manager can open doors to career opportunities and higher paying jobs. There are various educational institutions offering certifications in project management with multiple specializations. The most recognized institution is the Project Management Institute (PMI), but there are others. Key certifications in project management include the Project Management Professional (PMP) and the Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM). To learn more, check out our list of the best project management certifications available today.
If you are interested in open source project courses, also consider some of these free project management courses to help improve project knowledge and skills. Many companies adopt agility as their preferred project methodology, which requires employees to develop their knowledge in this area. Agile certificates like Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) can give you a head start, as can Scrum-based certificates like Certified ScrumMaster (CSM). Check out our lists of the best agile certificates and the best Scrum references to take your career to the next level.
Project manager salaries
The high level of skills and responsibilities of the project managers made it possible to earn high salaries. According to the Ninth Edition of the PMI Salary Survey, the median annual salary for project managers in the United States was $ 108,200. Here are the median annual salaries by certification status and experience.
|Certification status||Median salary|
|Project Management Professional (PMP)||$ 111,000|
|PMP with less than a year of experience||$ 95,000|
|PMP between 1 to 5 years of experience||$ 104,000|
|PMP with 5 to 10 years of experience||$ 120,000|
|PMP with 10 to 20 years of experience||$ 124,000|
|PMP with over 20 years of experience||$ 133,000|
Robert Half’s 2018 Technology and IT Salary Guide also offers salary data for project managers, broken down into four categories, based on experience and expertise:
- 25th percentile: $ 92,750
- 50th percentile: $ 110,000
- 75th percentile: $ 132,000
- 95th percentile: $ 156,000
For a more in-depth look at project manager salaries, see âProject Manager Salaries: Talent Gap Shows Long-Term Growthâ.
Project manager jobs
The great part of a career in project management is that virtually every industry in the world needs project managers with various specializations, which makes them a good career choice. Companies in healthcare, aviation, technology, software development, engineering, construction, real estate, publishing, finance, marketing, manufacturing, education, insurance, government and many more need and are looking for good project managers. In fact, the outlook for the Bureau of Labor Statistics for project managers is bright. Essentially, any business that has projects needs project managers. These are just some of the many types of project managers that companies hire across different industries.
Internet sites to consult to find jobs in the project management space:
Project manager CV tips
Getting a job as a project manager means paying close attention to what your resume says about your skills and abilities. Because your resume is an extension of you professionally, create the best first impression to make sure it gets noticed and lands an interview. An employer must value your CV enough to want to pick up the phone. Here are five secrets to crafting the best project management resume to help you land a project management professional job, and other tips and templates for crafting a polished resume to showcase your experience.
Project manager interview questions
Once in an interview, the hard part begins. Most candidates know how to talk about their strengths and skills, but the best are willing to answer more difficult interview questions, such as “How do you feel about your role as a project manager? achievement of company-wide business goals? And “How and when have you used technology to improve or strengthen your effectiveness as a project manager?” To learn more, check out our 12 Challenging Project Manager Interview Questions to Prepare for.
Another key strategy before your interview is to do extensive research into the organization you are interviewing with. Undertaking the following efforts will help you prepare responses that better match the organization’s specific business context:
- Research the industry in which the company resides
- Research the nature of the business, its activities, products / services, stakeholders, etc.
- Examine the business vision, mission statement, short and long term goals
- Finding information on the management team and the overall corporate culture
- Determine how your role as a project manager and leader can impact this particular business, and in turn, how it can be impacted by this business
- Think about how best to use your education and experience to move projects forward successfully in that specific organization.